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VBALL = VCH * ( MCH / MBALL )The Law of Conservation of Momentum can also be applied when discussing transmitting forces throughout the body and into the club head - but we will dive into this later. So, I’ll ask it again, why does this matter? We need to understand the underlying mechanisms of movement and athletic success in rotational sports, in order to understand how we should train it. Check out the visual below that does an awesome job at breaking down all the principles and underlying characteristics that impact rotational success and clubhead speed generation in the golf swing. Knowing the physics, and seeing this image, we can more clearly understand the trainable aspects of rotational success (highlighted in yellow):
Greater muscular strength can enhance the force-time characteristics (e.g., RFD and external mechanical power) of an individual that can then translate to their athletic performance. Muscular strength is strongly correlated to superior jumping, sprinting, COD, and sport-specific performance (1).Further, when we look at research surrounding the golf swing we see that one differentiating factor in the elite players is their ability to generate large amounts of ground reaction forces during their swing (2,3). Strength training can also offer other benefits outside of its contributions to force production, and subsequent power development, including:
Power = [( Force * Displacement ) / Time]
Power = [ Force * Velocity ]Our body creates power in many different ways, one being the stretch shortening cycle (SSC). Other ways include high levels of concentric rate of force development. Check out the side bar below for a deep dive into the SSC and it’s potential contributions to rotational power.
In fact, the most interesting aspect of evolution is that it only works because of its antifragility; it is in love with stressors, randomness, uncertainty and disorder - while individual organisms are relatively fragile, the gene pool takes advantage of shocks to enhance its fitness (7).Did you know, over 75% of the world is lactose intolerant (1)? After infancy, the majority of the world’s population stops producing the enzyme lactase, which is responsible for breaking down lactose, the carbohydrate found in dairy products. It is believed that somewhere in the last 10,000 years, as livestock became more popular, along with their milk production, humans began developing the enzyme lactase (and maintaining it) in order to properly digest this new, caloric dense food source. Prior to creating this adaptation, humans had to ferment the products that were being produced by the livestock, which removed upwards of 50% of the caloric density of the food. During times of famine, the individuals that could consume these additional calories were much better suited to survive. Humans adapt in order to mold to the environment they find themselves within. Let’s look at another form of adaptation… vaccinations (I know, topical). Vaccines create active immunity of a harmful agent, by injecting a small dosage of that harmful agent into our body - a pretty wild concept if you ask me. Once injected, our body becomes sensitized to that harmful agent, exposing and stimulating B-Lymphocytes to prepare them for future instances of the harmful agent. By exposing the body to a small stress, we can create an adaptation to protect it from larger stresses in the future. Incredible. Let’s relate this to sport. Looking through the short-term lens, a sporting environment represents a constantly changing, dynamic problem that is in need of solving by the athletes and coaches. The teams that can most successfully mold (adapt) to the environment, will be able to solve the problem it presents most efficiently - and therefore win the game.
Once the opposition starts reacting to and trying to thwart the game plan, the coach must make adaptations and corrections that improve the team's ability to reach its objectives and win the game in the conditions in which it finds itself (2).Individual athletes need to adapt to the sporting environment that each individual play presents. A basketball player driving to the basket will have to adjust her finish around the rim, based on the defenders attempts to stop her. A running back needs to adapt his movement to create space based upon how his teammates open running lanes and defenders actively try to close them.
The critical word, adaptive. To sustain success, each unit - and I include coaches in this as well - needs to be able and allowed to adapt (2).Looking through the long-term lens, athletic development requires periods of stress and novel stimuli, paired with periods of recovery, in order to promote adaptations. If an athlete wishes to gain strength, they must stress the body through lifting. If an athlete wishes to improve speed, they must stress the body by sprinting at max velocity. If an athlete wishes to improve mobility, they must stress the body in new ranges of motion. The body will adapt to the stresses and stimuli it is given. In the end, humans, and more specifically athletes, need to be adaptive in order to better fit the present and future dynamic environments that they find themselves within. Lucky for us, our body’s are created to do so. The General Adaptation Syndrome Hans Selye, famous Endocrinologist and Scientist, first coined the term General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) to discuss the way in which living creatures respond to stress. Selye breaks down the body’s adaptation mechanisms into 3 phases (modern scientists have added a fourth):
When skeletal muscle is subject to an overload stimulus, it causes perturbations in the myofibers and the extracellular matrix. This sets off a chain of myogenic events that ultimately leads to an increase in the size and amounts of myofibrillar contractile proteins actin and myosin, and the total number of sarcomeres in parallel (3).In order to elicit adaptation, there needs to be an initial stressor causing damage to the system that is greater than a given threshold. 2. Resistance Phase The resistance phase represents where adaptation occurs in the cycle. Stress causes a decrease, but the system will recover and adapt to levels higher than those previously established before the stimulus. Look at vaccines… We inject ourselves with a small dosage of poison (stress) and become subsequently stronger and more resilient (adaptation). Look at muscle growth… We cause microdamage at the muscular level through training (stress), in order to subsequently grow those muscles (adaptation). Look at learning… We are presented new information (stress), initially confused, but subsequently grow by learning the material (adaptation). In fact, let's dive deeper into learning… A 2009 study by Kornell and Metcalfe tested sixth graders in their ability to learn vocabulary terms. During practice sessions, terms were presented in either condition 1 or condition 2. In condition 1, the term and the definition were given simultaneously, providing immediate feedback. For example, A temporary stop in action or speech: Pause. In condition 2, definitions were provided without the term associated with it. After being presented the definition, the student was forced to type in a guess regarding the matching term, and only after doing so were they provided feedback regarding the correct answer. For example, To make or become better: ________ ***Delayed feedback until the student has generated a potential answer*** Improve. The results showed that by providing immediate feedback (presenting both the definition and the term immediately) the student was much less likely to learn the term, as compared to the delayed feedback condition. Researchers concluded that this was, in part, due to putting in additional effort and struggle while coming up with a guess in condition 2. Forcing the student to generate an answer, even if that answer was incorrect, led to heightened levels of learning. Stress led to struggle, which was necessary to promote heightened learning. Adaptation. 3. Supercompensation Phase. Although not specifically a part of Selye’s initial GAS, many experts have begun including a phase in between (2.) Resistance and (4.) Exhaustion, and they are calling it the Supercompensation Phase. In this phase, we reach and maintain the new level of performance, above and beyond our initial level prior to the stimulus. On a trip to Yellowstone National Park last year I had the opportunity to learn about a strategy employed by firefighters to improve the ecosystem and safety of forests called controlled burns. Essentially, firefighters set forests on fire in a controlled manner in order to do 2 things:
Just as spending a month in bed leads to muscle atrophy, complex systems are weakened, even killed, when deprived of stressors (7).Humans were created to be adaptable. By limiting the stress placed upon ourselves from a physical, psychological, and intellectual standpoint we treat ourselves as fragile beings - which we are not. Fragile - Easily broken or damaged (5). Antifragile - “… beyond resilience or robustness. The resilient resists shock and stays the same; the antifragile gets better” (7). Taleb argues that by avoiding small volatility, you are unsuccessfully preparing yourself for when randomness and chaos (large volatility) presents itself. Small mistakes are crucial to the growth of systems - and humans. Think back to our forest fire example earlier… If firefighters choose not to enact the controlled burns, once a forest fire erupts, it will be much more devastating. Think back to vaccines… If we don’t insert a small dosage of the harmful agent, once the harmful agent presents itself, we will be much worse off. Let’s look at athletes… If an athlete hasn’t been exposed to a certain position, velocity, or intensity prior to gameday, once the chaos of the game presents itself, the fragility of the system will too.
So, alas, we humans are afraid of the second type of variability and naively fragilize systems - or prevent their antifragility - by protecting them. In other words, a point worth repeating every time it is applied, this avoidance of small mistakes makes the large ones more severe (7).Let’s build antifragility in our athletes. Let’s let them fail. Let’s give them stress. Let’s allow them to adapt. We need to pull them down (to a degree) to lift them up. We need to provide subtle stressors, so when the large stressor of gameday presents itself, they are prepared. We need to cut them back, in order to allow them to grow. We need to give them a mountain, in order for them to climb it. There are many parallels between Taleb’s definition and description of antifragility, and Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome. Both require stress. Both lead to adaptation. Both create growth. Both gain from disorder. . . . . . And so do you. [carter_signature] Sources
Our mission is to empower your health and performance in the pursuit of greater golfing success and longevity.Our aspirations extend far beyond golf, but never are decisions made without the game in mind. Your golf success is at the forefront of our goals and we are here to carry your bag on 100% of your journey (metaphorically), but first you must understand… High level golf performance and longevity is created both on and off the course. It is not dependent on the price tag of your clubs or the size of your driver. It’s not dependent on the ball you play or the weather conditions. It’s not dependent on the shoes you wear, or even, and this might surprise you, your lucky ball marker. Your golf success starts with you. Not your golf coach. Not your playing partner that gives way too many tips. Not even us. It starts with you. You have the power to improve your game. We are here to help. We are here to guide. We are here for you. But, after all is said and done, when you feel better, move better, and play better, know that it wasn’t because of us… it was because you decided to empower yourself. Change takes time. Adaptations take time. Golf success takes time. Consistency is the most important attribute to take your game to the next level. This program, and these manuals, are just a stepping stone on your path to peak performance and longevity. Your lowest round is out there, and we want to be there when you find it. Be patient, be consistent, and be ready… to go low. [carter_signature] [post_title] => Welcome to RBT Golf Training [post_excerpt] => Our mission is to empower your health and performance in the pursuit of greater golfing success and longevity. Our aspirations extend far beyond golf, but never are decisions made without the game in mind. Your golf success is at the forefront of our goals and we are here to carry your bag on 100% of your journey (metaphorically), but first you must understand… [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => welcome-to-rbt-golf-training [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-03-24 18:24:10 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-03-24 18:24:10 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://resistancebandtraining.com/?p=46498 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) ID: 46498Array (  => 1824 )